The secular state of Azerbaijan, the official name of the Azerbaijan Republic, is located in the eastern part of the Caucasus on the coast of the Caspian Sea. The country stretches over an area of 86,600 km.
The capital is Baku. The state language is Azerbaijani.
Unitary state, presidential republic. In October 2003, Ilham Aliyev took over as president.
It is subdivided into 66 districts, 11 cities of republican subordination and 1 autonomous republic - the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic.
It has a land border with several countries - Russia, Georgia, Armenia and Iran. The Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic, an exclave of Azerbaijan, borders with Armenia in the northeast, Iran in the southwest, and Turkey in the northwest.
The average temperature in summer is + 26-30 ° C, in winter + 4-8 ° C.
The monetary unit is Azerbaijani manat AZN. Time zone UTC + 4. Calling code +994.
In terms of area and population, Azerbaijan is the largest of the Transcaucasian republics. The territory of the republic is 86.6 thousand sq. km. The population, as of November 2020, is more than 10 million people.
There are many mountainous areas in Azerbaijan - almost half of the territory. In the north - the ridge of the Caucasus, in the middle part - the Kura-Arak lowland, in the southeast - the Talysh mountains and the Lankaran lowland, in the west - the Karabakh highland.
Rarely does a country boast such a diverse climate. Azerbaijan - maybe because this country holds the record for the number of natural and climatic zones: there are as many as nine out of 11 types here.
The warm subtropics of the Lenkoran lowland, the snowy peaks of the Caucasus, the warm waves of the Caspian Sea, healing water resorts, all of these you can find in Azerbaijan. If you walk through the woods you will see rare species of plants - iron tree (Damir agach), Iberian oak, chestnut oak, persimmon, or if you sit on a bench in the city you can smell the aromas of Japanese sophora, blooming jasmine and admire the white and pink oleander, looking at the woven crowns of veteran olive trees.
Nowadays, many are attracting tourists and promise to surprise them with the harmony of Europe and the East. Azerbaijan does not promise, it surprises, because no other country has such a harmonious dialogue between the two sides of East and West as here. The capital of Azerbaijan, Baku, combines the architecture of a modern European city and the historical spirit of the old city.
The beautiful Maiden Tower is visible from the windows of the skyscrapers of the business centers, fashionable hotels are adjacent to the streets of Icheri Sheher ("Old City"). Such pearls of Baku, included in the UNESCO World Heritage List are: Icheri Sheher, the Maiden Tower and a unique architectural and cultural ensemble - the Palace of the Shirvanshahs.
That is why tourists from all over the world come here. For their sake, the republic is actively developing the tourism sector, opening hotels for every taste and budget. True, the corona virus pandemic has made its own adjustments, but hospitable hosts are patiently waiting for their guests, ready at any time to open the doors of hotels, restaurants, shopping and business centers, museums, concert halls and theaters.
More than 20 museums function in Baku, and 130 museums in the republic. Lovers of history and antiquity will like the carpet museum with its richest collection, the temple of fire worshipers - Atashgah, the Gobustan open-air museum with drawings on the rocks left by distant, distant ancestors.
For modernity, please visit the Heydar Aliyev Center. This extraordinary building is one of 11 unique projects by world famous architect Zaha Hadid. It hosts exhibitions, scientific discussions and creative debates.
And those who are tired of such an abundance of cultural programs are invited to walk along the seaside boulevard, sit in a cafe on Fountain Square.
And be sure to drink aromatic tea collected on the tea plantations of Lankaran with numerous varieties of jam or national oriental sweets.
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